Saturday, November 19, 2016

JANTJES | Descendants of Walrave Boissevain

Five daughters of Walrave Boissevain (1896), L to R:
Antonia (Ton), Ellegonda (Gon), Liese, Mia, and Renée.
Thanks to Noah Sisk for photo and permission to post.
Noah Sisk worked with me on a Boissevain family genealogy last summer as an intern in East Hampton.

He has just sent me some more information on his side of the Boissevain family, the Jantjes. Buckle up; it's complicated.

Gen 6: Jan Boissevain

Noah is a descendant of Jan Boissevain (1836) who gives his name to this line of the family.

The Jantjes played a great role in the Resistance in Holland during World War II, as did many of the Charletjes. 

Some family members worked together, although much of what occurred has remained a puzzle because so many people died with their secrets inside.

Although many Boissevains have nicknames to distinguish among them, the simplest way of disambiguation is to provide their year of birth.

The Jantjes are descended from Jan Boissevain (1836), who is in Gen 6, five generations beyond the original Boissevain ancestors, Lucas Bouissavy and Marthe Roux.

Lucas and Marthe escaped from  the Dordogne after Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes. They  settled in Amsterdam. Jan was the older brother of Charles Boissevain (1842) the newspaper editor, the head of the Charlestjes. Charles was my mother's grandfather.

Gen 7: Walrave Boissevain

The second-youngest of Jan's nine children was Walrave (1896). He is indicated by an arrow in the excerpt at left above, from the Boissevain family tree.
Walrave was the most prolific of the children of Jan. He was the only one who married twice. Only one of his three older brothers married (Karel Daniel), but three of his older sisters did:
  • Elisabeth Antonia Boissevain married Johannes Hunning.
  • Anna Maria married Gideon den Tex, and they became a big part of the Boissevain family. One of Gideon's sons, Jan den Tex, was a good friend of my mother, and in the 1920s she illustrated his book on windmills; he in turn helped her in the 1950s to formulate the wind vs. power plot among the rural Dutch millers that is featured in the closing chapters of The Winged Watchman, which is about the Nazi occupation of Holland.
  • Petronella (Nella) Boissevain married Adriaan Floris van Hall, and they produced the man who has been called "The Prime Minister of the Resistance", Wally van Hall, and his brother Gijs, who became Mayor of Amsterdam after WW2.
Walrave Boissevain (1876), as mentioned, married twice.

Gen 7: Walrave's First Wife, Maria

By his first wife, Maria Catharina Johanna Blijdenstein (1876) he had a girl, Theodora.

They had two boys, Jan Gideon and Harry.

Both Jan and Harry emigrated to the United States and one of them owned the Boissevain Ranch in Montana.

Harry met with my parents, who became good friends of his  daughter Anna (Nan) and her husband Don Fisk.

I got to know Don well during my years in Washington, D.C. and I attended his funeral in 2015.

Nan's younger brothers were Matthijs (Thijs, 1931, who convened the family reunion in Boissevain, Manitoba) and Harry Jan (1932).

Walrave's first wife Maria  died in childbirth.

Gen 7: Walrave's Second Wife, Romelia

Walrave's second marriage was to Romelia (nicknamed Rommy) Abramina Kalff.

They met in the 1910s at a suffragist meeting in Holland where she played the piano. By this time Eugen Boissevain's wife Inez Milholland was a well- known suffragist in New York City. Also their cousin Maria Pijnappel Boissevain, wife of  Charles E. H. Boissevain, was active in the Dutch suffragist movement (she was the first woman elected to the Dutch Parliament).

L to R: Romelia and Ies Veltman and their mother Gon Boissevain
Veltman. Thanks to Noah Sisk for photo and permission to post.
Walrave's second marriage is the one from which Noah Sisk is descended. The five daughters of Walrave and Rommy are in the photo with which this post opens.

Gen 8: Ellegonda

The photos that follow are both of Ellegonda (Gon) Boissevain, the eldest child of Walrave and Rommy.

In the first photo, Gon is with her two children. The older baby is Romelia (nicknamed Romée) . The smaller baby is Ida Louise (nicknamed Ies, pronounced Ees), who later married Neil Walker; they live in Amsterdam and were on the walking tour that we undertook earlier in 2016.

Ellegonda (Gon) on plane.
This is the only photograph of the two of them as babies, as the family lived in the Dutch East Indies at the time of the Japanese occupation and were placed in a camp for Dutch citizens.

Gon discovered she was pregnant with Ies the same day as the Pearl Harbor bombing in 1941, and Ies was later born in an internment camp where she came very close to death. Ies' sister Romelia (Romée) was, coincidentally, born on the same day of the same year (1941) as her cousin Romelia (Rommy), who was with us on the walking tour of Amsterdam.

Noah is the great-great-great grandson of Jan Boissevain (1836), the great-great grandson of Walrave Boissevain (1876), great-grandson of Matthijs (1916), who was the father of Ellegonda (Gon). 

Ellegonda was married twice, first to Ies' father Eduard Veltman, who was reportedly killed in WWII, and second to Arthur Anton Kunzli.

Gen 8: Matthijs and Helen Boissevain
Helen Fisk and Thijs Boissevain, c. 1990.

Matthijs (Thijs) Boissevain married Helen Richmond Fisk. Thijs was actively involved in preparing a catalogue of the descendants of Lucas Bouissavy and the Boissevains in Holland.

Below I have posted a letter he wrote to my mother, Hilda van Stockum, in 1988, when he was in the early stages of his research.

He organized the family reunion in Boissevain, Manitoba, that I attended.

Noah Sisk has kindly sent me a bio of his grandfather Thijs:
Matthijs (Thijs) Gideon Jan Boissevain was born in Amsterdam on April 24, 1916. He expressed a great interest in intellectual pursuits from a very young age, and excelled in his studies. In 1935, Thijs boarded a steamer bound for the United States to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. During this time, he found employment as a cowboy at his brother Jan's ranch in Montana. He graduated in 1938 with a degree in mechanical engineering. Thijs worked at MIT for several years while pursuing his doctorate, when he was assigned to work on the Manhattan Project. He married Helen Richmond Fisk in 1940 and had six children. Thijs later moved the family to the New London area to take a position at Electric Boat, becoming a chief engineer on the USS Seawolf nuclear submarine. He became active in local civic and social affairs, as a leading figure in numerous clubs and organizations. Throughout his life, he possessed a deep interest in genealogy, categorizing nearly 2,300 members of the Boissevain family via personal computer, which was uncommon in the early 1990s. He died, accomplished and respected, surrounded by his family in 1998.

Sunday, November 13, 2016

CONSERVATION | Nov. 13–Ballinger-Pinchot Split

Richard Ballinger
This day in 1909, Colliers magazine accused Interior Secretary Richard Ballinger of backsliding on conservation in Alaskan coal lands. The ensuing Ballinger-Pinchot dispute/scandal reflected the ongoing tension between those who emphasized immediate use of natural resources and those seeking to  conserve them for future generations.

The controversy is highly relevant today when President-elect Trump is a climate change sceptic while the Republican party has strong conservationist roots dating back at least to Theodore Roosevelt, who on March 14, 1903 created the first National Wildlife Refuge (Pelican Island) and continuing to President Richard Nixon, who appointed the first Commissioner (William Ruckelshaus) to head to Environmental Protection Agency, and the surprisingly aggressive conservationist George W. Bush.

Gifford Pinchot
The Ballinger-Pinchot split pitted U.S. Forest Service Chief Gifford Pinchot and U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Achilles Ballinger. It drove apart the Republican Party before the 1912 presidential election, resulting in two GOP candidates (President William Howard Taft and former President Theodore Roosevelt) in 1912, throwing the election to Democrat Woodrow Wilson.

Taft in March 1909 replaced TR's Interior Secretary, James Rudolph Garfield, with Richard Ballinger, a former Mayor of Seattle who had served as Commissioner of the General Land Office (GLO) under Secretary Garfield. Within weeks of taking office, Ballinger reversed some of Garfield's policies, restoring 3 million acres to private use. By July 1909, Gifford Pinchot, who had run the U.S. Forest Service since it had taken over management of forest reserves from the General Land Office in 1905, became convinced that Ballinger was bent on a plan to "stop the conservation movement".

By 1909, TR, Pinchot, and other conservationists feared Taft and Ballinger were seeking to reverse  their accomplishments. The Colliers article charged that Ballinger improperly used his office to help the Guggenheims and other powerful interests illegally gain access to Alaskan coal fields. Despite having stayed on as chief forester in the Taft administration, Pinchot openly criticized Ballinger and Taft, claiming they were violating principles of conservation and democracy.

Taft immediately fired Pinchot. After returning from his famous African safari, Roosevelt decided that Taft had betrayed him and had to be ousted. Roosevelt mounted an unsuccessful challenge to Taft on the independent Bull Moose ticket in 1912, but succeeded in denying him reelection.

Subsequent scholarship suggests that while Taft and Ballinger were undoubtedly less committed to conservation than TR and Pinchot, Ballinger may not have technically misused the power of his office.

The Pinchot family was involved in the circles that Inez Milholland and her husband Eugen Boissevain frequented, especially Amos Pinchot, nephew of Gifford Pinchot. Inez Milholland gave her life in 1916 in her effort to unseat Woodrow Wilson in his second term, because he would not support the Anthony Amendment (votes for women, which was eventually supported by Wilson after Inez's death, and became the 19th Amendment in 1920).