3 Boissevain Businesses in Holland
Jan and the Banking and Shipping Businesses. Charles and the Handelsblad. The creation of the Concertgebouw and hiring of Mengelberg. Both Jan "Canada" and Bob Boissevain were in the fertilizer industry and in 1936 I. G. Farben repudiated contracts with foreign partners, bankrupting their Boissevain partners.
4 Boissevains in Java
5. Boissevains in USA - Robert and Jan
The Jantjes and Charletjes are the relatives I know best. Many of their offspring left Holland. Robert left because of a split with his wife Rosie [4A]. He formed a business with Jan and Eugen [4B], Boissevain & Co.
6. Boissevains in USA - Eugen
7. Boissevains in USA - Olga's Children Hilda and Willem
Olga followed her daughter Hilda to Washington. Willem followed them. There was cooperation across the Atlantic. Hilda van Stockum illustrated a book on windmills for Jan den Tex. In return, den Tex assisted Hilda decades later when she wrote The Winged Watchman. She later wrote another WW2 book, The Borrowed House.
The Crash of 1929 precipitated a loss of confidence in capitalism that led to the rise of Hitler. Speculators helped create the instability that paved the way for Nazi ideologues and other extremists. Hitler had less than 3 percent of the vote in 1928. He got 18 percent in 1930 and 37 percent in 1932. FDR fixed the mess in 1933, but it was too late to save Germany and the world from the Nazis. Dutch businesses dealing with German firms were soon affected.
9. Holland on the Eve of the German Invasion
1940. In May, Holland was invaded and changed forever.